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Nevşehir

Tourism sector in Nevşehir

TOURISM
Cappadocia is a vast region extending towards Toros Mountains in south, Aksaray in west, Malatya in east, and Northern Black Sea shores in north. Today, the region named Cappadocia indicates the area covered by Nevşehir, Aksaray, Niğde, Kırşehir and Kayseri provinces. The region named Core Cappadocia and where chimney rock formations can be observed the best consists of Uçhisar, Göreme, Avanos, Ürgüp, Derinkuyu, Kaymaklı, Ihlara and surroundings.
Erciyes, Hasandağı and Göllüdağ located in Cappadocia Region were once active volcanos in geological eras; "Chimney Rock" formations occurred as a result of erosion of layer of ash, that occurred upon volcanic eruptions, by streams, primarily Kızılırmak, and wind. Chimney rocks are most densely found in valleys located inside Ürgüp - Uçhisar - Avanos triangle, in region between Ürgüp - Şahinefendi, around Çat Town, in Soğanlı Valley, and around Selime village (Gülyaz, 2013).
Since pre-historic periods up to the present, Cappadocia has hosted many civilizations, primarily Assur, Hittite, Persion and Cappadocia Kingdom, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman Empires.


CAPPADOCIA WORLD HERITAGE AREA
Göreme National Park and Cappadocia are registered with date 1985 and number 357 in World Heritage List issued by UNESCO World Heritage Committee. Göreme National Park and Cappadocia's acceptance criteria in World Heritage List are "natural" (iii) and "cultural" (i), (iii) and (v). As per "cultural" criteria, Göreme National Park and Cappadocia are registered as follows;
(i) Owing to their quality and density, the rupestral sanctuaries of Cappadocia constitute a unique artistic achievement offering irreplaceable testimony to post-iconoclast period Byzantine art;
(iii) The rupestral dwellings, villages, convents and churches retain the fossilized image, as it were, of a province of the Byzantine Empire between the 4th century and the Turkish invasion;
(v) Cappadocia is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement which has become vulnerable under the combined effects of natural erosion and, more recently, tourism. As per "natural" criteria they are registered as follows;
The Göreme Valley meets criteria (iii) for natural properties as it contains unique natural features and displays a harmonious combination of natural and cultural landscape element (UNESCO, 2009).
Göreme National Park and Cappadocia World Heritage Area are located witin the borders of Nevşehir and Kayseri Provinces in Central Anatolia Region. Settlements located inside the World Heritage Area are as follows:

Table: Settlements Located in Cappadocia World Heritage Area (UNESCO, 2009)


Area

Province

District

Göreme National Park

Nevşehir

Avanos/Ürgüp

Kaymaklı Underground City

Nevşehir

Merkez

Derinkuyu Underground City

Nevşehir

Derinkuyu

Karain Village Settlement

Nevşehir

Ürgüp

Karlık Village Settlement

Nevşehir

Ürgüp

Yeşilöz Village Settlement

Nevşehir

Ürgüp

Soğanlı Village Settlement

Kayseri

Yeşilhisar

 

 

Nature and Culture Tourism

Cappadocia has a unique potential for natural and cultural tourism due to Göreme Natural and Historical National Park, registered in 1985 on 357th place in UNESCO List of World Natural and Cultural Heritages, and Zelve Open Air Museum, Hacıbektaş Veli Museum, its wonderful-looking valleys consisting of tuff lands, its churches, caravansaries, natural protected sites and underground cities.
Göreme Open Air Museum: This is a rock settlement place located in 13 km distance to Nevşehir, and in 2 km. east of Göreme Town. A dense monastery life was lived here from the 4th century to 13th century. Almost every rock block has churches, chapels, dining halls and sitting areas are available. Today, Göreme Open Air Museum is regarded as the place where monastery education began. Soğanlı, Ihlara and Açıksaray are the places where the same education system was observed later on. The churches were dyed with 2 types of techniques. First technique is dyeing process carried out directly on rock surface by straightening it; while the second one is dyeing carried out by secco (tempera) and fresco techniques made on rocks. Subjects available in the church were taken from the Bible and life of Jesus Christ. Göreme Open Air Museum has Female and Male Monasteries, Saint Basil Church, Elmalı Church, Saint Barbara Church, Yılanlı Church, Karanlık Church, Çarıklı Church and Tokalı Church (Nevşehir Directorate of Culture and Tourism, 2014). Göreme Open Air Museum is our country's third most visited ruin site with approximately 957.000 visitors.

 

Baloon Tourism

Hot air balloon business, which started with Turkish Aviation Association in Cappadocia Region in 1991 and gained momentum upon establishment of other entities in 2006, and in which one flight costs between 90 and 250 Euros, is one of the sources of economic income with high added value in the region, and currently, 25 balloon businesses provide tourists with service in our province with approximately 180 balloons. An agency was established in the region by General Directorate of Civil Aviation for enabling flights made in the region to be safe enough, and all flights are carried out under the supervision of General Directorate of Civil Aviation.

 

Faith Tourism

Cappadocia Region played an important role in expansion and effectiveness of various religions due to the fact that it hosted different civilizations like Hittite Kingdom, Assur, Persians, Anatolia Seljuk State and Ottoman Empire. Due to churches carved into chimney rocks in early periods of Christianity, Cappadocia is quite a significant and famous centre in Turkey in terms of belief tourism.
Hacı Bektaş Veli Social Complex, where doctrine of Hacı Bektaş Veli was established, and where Alawite - Bektashi thought was developed, is one of the most important settlements in our region and country in terms of belief tourism. Hacı Bektaş Veli Commemoration ceremonies in national and international aspects are carried out here regularly every year, and thousands of people visit here.

 

Handicrafts

Natural and cultural assets of Cappadocia played a significant part in development of handicrafts in the region. While particularly Avanos District is known as handicraft centre of the region, primarily pottery and rug - carpet weaving, and handmade doll production and onyx stone processing constitute handicrafts in the region. The amount of export carried out particularly through sales of rug-carpet to tourists reached 14 million USD level in 2013 which corresponds to 25% of total export of the region (Ahika, 2014). Nevertheless, due to the fact that many of the businesses carrying out exportation do this work via Istanbul, Izmir and Mersin, this figure regarding carpet export is in fact lower than actual figure.

 

Thermal and Health Tourism

Nevşehir Provice Kozaklı District hot springs contain sodium, calcium and  chlorine as per German Union of Hot Springs classification, and are included in Group A and C healing water. Water temperature varies between 27°C and 93°C. Hot springs and mineral springs have started to become prominent in Kozaklı District with investments made in recent years. More than 20 hotels and motels, that include health tourism-oriented activities, provide service with a bed capacity of approximately 6000 in Kozaklı District of Nevşehir, one of the most significant Thermal Health centres of Turkey.
Kozaklı District creates an opportunity and advantage for professional investors due to the fact that it has the capacity to form a destination which may be included in "Central Anatolia Thermal Tourism Region" declared by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, and it could be integrated in other tourism types, be regarded among regions to be developed primarily, and that Tourism Incentive Law numbered 2643 will be implemented.
In addition to Kozaklı District, studies carried out by MRS to discover thermal water in Mustafapaşa, Nar and Göre Towns, and in Central district continue.